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GENEZA I ROZWÓJ FORMACJI POLICYJNYCH W POLSCE OD POCZĄTKÓW PAŃSTWOWOŚCI DO CZASÓW KSIĘSTWA WARSZAWSKIEGO

GENEZA I ROZWÓJ FORMACJI POLICYJNYCH W POLSCE OD POCZĄTKÓW PAŃSTWOWOŚCI DO CZASÓW KSIĘSTWA WARSZAWSKIEGO

Andrzej Czop, Mariusz Sokołowski
Wyższa Szkoła Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego i Indywidualnego „Apeiron” w Krakowie

Both Authors are former police officers and currently are researchers of the security subjects that are related to public sector safety. They decided to show development of the police formations since the beginning of the polish statehood until the end of Duchy of Warsaw. This topic was result of the hypothesis that current structure and organisation of police in Poland is implication of historic development of safety management. Authors defined main goals of the Police as the following:
- maintaining law and order
- prosecution of criminals
- providing security and help in crisis situation for both people and properties
They’ve pointed that act definition for Police states whom mentions the attributes such as : uniforms, weapons which could lead to connotation to military, but in fact it shows the role of servant to the society. The main mission and goal of the Police is to maintain and provide safety and security to the citizens so that people could could realize their existential needs and as well the greater needs which will lead to their development. Authors esteem that Police combines activities of entities on the local government level.
Authors are asking the following question:
- What was the genesis of the police on polish lands?
- What formations completed tasks in the area of law and order?
- How they developed?
Authors are presenting the following view, these questions are not only related to historic aspects. In their opinion gathering answers for the questions above will result in better understanding of the current state of Police. Current shape of Police is determined by a constant development of administrative structure of the country. According to Authors this process is constant and ongoing however knowledge of this proces and steps in it can help in determine current needs and in pointing out optimal organizational solutions. In order to do that authors have analysed police formations since the beginning of the polish statehood until the annexation of Poland.
Keywords
police, police formations, public sector safety, managing security
DOI 10.24356/KB/24/6