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INSTYTUCJE ZWALCZAJĄCE ZORGANIZOWANĄ PRZESTĘPCZOŚĆ EKONOMICZNĄ W POLSCE

INSTYTUCJE ZWALCZAJĄCE ZORGANIZOWANĄ PRZESTĘPCZOŚĆ EKONOMICZNĄ W POLSCE

Wiesław MĄDRZEJOWSKI
Wyższa Szkoła Policji w Szczytnie

Economic crime is currently the most rapidly developing form of organised crime in Poland. Numerous institutions, law enforcement and intelligence agencies are involved in combating this kind of crime. They are supervised by Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of National Defence or, like Internal Security Agency and Central Anti-Coruption Bureau, directly to prime minister. Most of them have full operational, investigative and analytical powers. Conflicting areas of responsibility may cause taking actions by various agencies and institutions against the same perpetrators in the same time. Formally the institution responsible for fighting organised crime is Police. Within Police there is specialised unit – Central Bureau of Investigation of Police which sole responsibility is combating organised economic crime. Nevertheless it cannot coordinate other institutions’ activities aimed at fighting organised crime. National Criminal Information Centre, also placed within the Police structure, should gather all information on every criminal offence recorded by any institution involved in fighting crime. In reality it collect mainly information on Police work effects. NCIC has no powers concerning coordination of crime-related information gathering. It also conduct no relevant analysis of gathered criminal information. On the basis of EU regulation Polish Asset Recovery Office was created within the Police structure. Polish ARO acts as national contact point for international exchange of information on crime-related assets. Within this scope, ARO possess some powers to coordinate activities of other agencies. A need exists to consider carefully the possibilities for changes in the system of institutions combating organised economic crime in Poland. First of all there is a necessity to develop ability to coordinate activities of all relevant institutions, based on integrated data gathering and analytical systems.

Keywords
organized crime, institutions, special services, departmental coordination, operational and investigative operations, operational control, undercover operations, criminal analysis, contact points, specialization, databases
DOI 10.24356/KB/29/4